How to Perform Exploratory Data Analysis?

Are you willing to know how to perform an EDA for data analysing purposes? Exploratory data analysis (EDA) is an important first step in all data science initiatives. It is able to build a code template for performing EDA on structured datasets. The objective is to spend less time coding and more time focusing on analysing the data that has been collected. Read below to learn more about how to perform EDA.

Steps to Perform Exploratory Data Analysis

As soon as you’ve organised your data and placed it in a convenient working environment,  The dataset is used to investigate the behaviour of various numerical outcomes. Here are the steps required to perform EDA: 

  • Missing values can cause problems with your data. Make certain you understand why they are there and how you intend to deal with them before proceeding.
  • Provide a general description of your features, as well as a classification system for them. This will have a significant impact on the visuals you utilise and the statistical methods you employ.
  • Visualising the distribution of your data can help you better understand it. You never know what you might come across! Learn how your data evolves among samples and over time so that you are comfortable with it.
  • Your characteristics are interconnected! Make a note of their names. These connections may come in handy in the future, so keep them.
  • Outliers can only ruin your enjoyment if you aren’t aware of their presence. Make the unknowns known to the world!

Things to know while performing EDA

It is beneficial to submit a summary of your findings to senior management and product development. By conducting an EDA, you may be able to provide answers to some of the critical business questions. Is it possible for your team to run a regression or classify the dataset in the future? Is it their intention to use it to fuel a KPI dashboard? There are so many excellent options and possibilities to discover and enjoy!

The following are some specifics about the features:

In particular, it is vital to notice that the EDA is a significant area of concentration. There is no way that the methods are exhaustive. This blog contains some of the most typical ways, but there is a lot more that can be added to your own EDA. With context to the e-commerce store or a company the outcome of the EDA Analysis has the following acceptance criteria:

  • AOV (Average Order Value) is the average value of a customer’s orders throughout their relationship with the company.
  • The percentage of sessions that resulted in a purchase is the conversion rate.
  • Sessions: This is the total number of people who have visited your online store.
  • orders that have been packed and shipped: this is the number of orders that have been packaged and shipped
  • Customer Delivered Orders: The number of orders that have been successfully delivered to the customer.

It is necessary to answer the question, “What is the unique identifier of every row in the data?” A unique identifier can be a column or a combination of columns guaranteed to be unique across all rows in your dataset, such as the first column in your dataset. This is critical for distinguishing between rows and referring to them for  EDA.


In this blog, we learned about the steps that are essential in order to perform EDA. To Ensure that the results EDA creates are valid and applicable to any targeted business objectives and goals, data scientists can employ Exploratory Data Analysis. The EDA also assists stakeholders by ensuring that they are asking the appropriate questions. EDA can assist in answering questions pertaining to standard deviations, categorical variables, and confidence intervals, among other things.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Back to top button